1709 Military and Administrative Personnel

October 1709, 1-12

756. (a) Account of Stores left in the Fort of St. Johns,Newfoundland, by Capt. Taylor, H.M.S. Litchfield, also at Carbonear, Harbour Grace, and Little Bell Islands, and the Isle ofBoys. Signed, Jos. Taylor. 2½ pp.

(b) List of the Officers in Newfoundland, commissioned Oct.1709.

St. Johns:—John Collin, Governor; Edward Sheppard,Lt. Governor; John Jenkins, Major; William Roberts, GilbertJeane, John Marshall, John Cock, John Eleat, Wm. Bowles, Rd.Tapley, Captains; Tho. Squarry, Jono. Martin, Henry Parker,James Prosser, Tho. Roberts, Samuel Nicks, Giles Goss, JohnJulian, Rt. Bowles, Step. Dann, Lieutenants; Daniel Ranes, Rt.Willicot, Char. Coaker, Jos. Newham, Tho. Hawkins, John Martin, Rowland Martin, Rd. Boden, John Richardson, Abr. Barrott,Ensigns; Isaac Legoss, Surgeon; Wm. Squarry, Master Gunner.

Ferryland and Isle of Boys:—Oliver Lang, Governor; JohnTucker, Lt. Governor; Rd. Roberts, Hen. Rex, Lieuts.; Tho.Deble, Arthur White, Ensigns.

Carbonear:—Wm. Pynn, Governor; Tho. Williams, Tho. Peck, Capts.; Wm. Pynn, jr., PeterMerkin, Wm. Reeves, Lieuts.

Harbour Grace Island:—Hen.Edwards, Governor; Rt. Pynn, Jona. Webber, Capts.; Wm.Parsons, Wm. Burt, Edwd. Stephens, Lieuts.

Little Bell Isle:—James Butler, Governor; Geo. Garland, Jno. Snow, Capts.; JohnButler, jr., John Fancy, Wm. Thacker, Lieuts. Signed, Jos.Taylor. 2 pp. [C.O. 194, 22. No. 73.]

From: ‘America and West Indies: October 1709, 1-12’, Calendar of State Papers Colonial, America and West Indies, Volume 24: 1708-1709 (1922), pp. 476-482. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=73808

Newfoundland Military Summary:



Militias – Harbour Grace  &  Jersey

Charles Garland played a role in organizing resistance to the French invasion ofNewfoundlandin 1762. He recruited 50 volunteers inConceptionBayto serve with Colonel Amherst who led the English expedition to recaptureSt. John’sand provided boats and small vessels to aid the landing of troops. These activities in addition to supplying the English garrisons inSt. John’swith provisions after the French were routed earned him an official commendation.

The Volunteer Movement of Great Britain led to the establishment, in 1860, of four companies of volunteers in St. John’s, who wore red uniforms, and a company of riflemen at Harbour Grace, who wore blue uniforms. On the Harbour Grace flag, the field is red. The red background represents the colour of the tunics authorized and issued by the British Government to the Harbour Grace Volunteer Corps. Founded in 1861, the corps provided outstanding service in maintaining peace and order in troubled times.

The downfall ofFranceinAmericawas a strong reinforcement of British prestige; hard on the heels of victory, however, came the American Revolution.Newfoundland’s trade withNew Englandwas cut off, and the fishery was plagued by American privateers. In 1780 the privateers made several attempts on Harbour Grace and Carbonear, but none was successful; the resident officers and soldiers of the British military centre established in Harbour Grace in 1770 and the local volunteer companies were largely responsible for the successful defence of the town. In August 1780 Governor Edwards wrote that five privateers had been captured, “but they are in force around the coast” (Prowse, p. 350)

James Macbraire had served as Captain, Harbour Grace Volunteers.

JuniperStump Roadis not closed up, but can be traced by well built walls, leading from Gordon Lodge, which was the residence of the Military Officers directly North to the Barracks, where the soldiers lived.

Horse racing, sponsored by the Harbour Grace Turf Club, was popular from the 1830s to the 1850s at the Cochrane Race Course, named after an earlier Colonial Governor, Sir Thomas Cochrane (Munn: {~4~}1937, p. t6). The course was located at Target Hill nearLadyLake, as was the Rifle Range, where the local militia, the Harbour Grace Volunteers, held contests of marksmanship.

The Pynn family was a prominent mercantile establishment in Harbour Grace, which was eventually forced into liquidation in the economic depression of 1816. In his younger years, Henry Pynn was employed as a clerk with the firm Hugh W. Danson, also a major business firm in Harbour Grace. Circa 1795, during the French-English hostilities, Pynn organised a volunteer militia, prompting the military authorities to grant him a commission in the regular British army.

Jersey Militia

It looks like in Jersey, Joseph would have been required to drill with the Militia from the age of 15 and be active from 17 (Geoff Wright).