Note; all this info is pulled from the internet. Do your own research.
It is possible some info may relate to Martin Jr and not Sr.
The most notable of this family was probably Sir Martin Noel. He provided large investments in several of Cromwells schemes on the understanding that he would farm customs revenue that would accrue. In Parliament he was a "kinglet," and he sat throughout. He helped take Hispaniola for the crown.
Pepy’s Diary 1665
And one thing more, Sir Martin Noell’s lady is dead with griefe for
the death of her husband and nothing else, as they say, in the world;
but it seems nobody can make anything of his estate, whether he be
dead worth anything or no, he having dealt in so many things, publique
and private, as nobody can understand whereabouts his estate is, which is
the fate of these great dealers at everything.
|SAINT MARY CHURCH, , ,||STAFFORD||STAFFORDSHIRE|
|George Nowell||christening:||07 Apr 1570||parents:Martin Nowell, Ann|
|Edward Nowell||christening:||20 Aug 1567||parents:Martin Nowell, Ann|
|Emma Nowell||christening:||14 Jun 1562||parents:Martin Nowell, Ann|
|Robt. Nowell||christening:||05 Jul 1572||parents:Martin Nowell|
|James Nowell||christening:||10 Mar 1566||parents:Martin Nowell, Ann|
|Thos. Nowell||christening:||04 Jul 1563||parents:Martin Nowell, Ann|
|Eliz. Nowell||christening:||02 Jul 1564||parents:Martin Nowell, Ann|
|Henry Nowell||christening:||25 Nov 1618||parents:Edward Nowell, Grace|
|Ann Nowell||christening:||05 Jun 1616||parents:Edward Nowell, Grace|
|Matthew Nowell||christening:||27 Dec 1612||parents:Edward Nowell, Grace|
|Martin Nowell||christening:||11 Mar 1614||parents:Edward Nowell, Grace|
|Steven Nowell||christening:||26 Dec 1610||parents:Edward Nowell, Grace|
|Thos. Nowell||christening:||06 Sep 1620||parents:Edward Nowell, Grace|
|Isabel Nowell||christening:||18 Sep 1627||parents:Robt. Nowell, Margt Baggaley|
His tomb says he is descended from the Lancashire Nowells. Nowell Pedigree Lancaster http://www.great-harwood.org.uk/about/people/Families/ nowell.htm http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/ cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=ancestorsearch&id=I13673 http://www.broughfamily.org/history/broughs_1055-1510_ad.html Born c. 1613 ; probably a son of Edward Noel of Stafford by Grace, daughter of James Noel of Peshale (who was a cousin of Walter Noel of Hilcote). (LDS has this Christening in 1614) Martin Noel lived in ST OLAVE OLD JEWRY,LONDON,ENGLAND later Sir Martin Noell, of Chancery Lane Martin christened with his wife Elizabeth Ann, Jane, Theodosius,Grace, Decima, Nathaniel 1650-1660 LDS batch# C024052 He was brother-in-law of Cromwell's Secretary of State, John Thurloe and they shared postal revenue. A report says Elizabeth was a rich widow. Martin Noel started as a scrivener. Scrivener (or scribe) was a Middle English term for a person who could read and write. This usually indicated secretarial and administrative duties such as dictation and keeping business, judicial, and history records for kings, nobles, temples, and cities. Scriveners later developed into public servants, accountants, lawyers and petition writers. [ Later Martin Noel was a London merchant who advised Cromwell on colonial administration until complaints were made about him. Noel was a member of the East India Company with West Indian connections - he traded with Montserrat and Nevis and became Marshall of Barbados where he had a plantation. His brother Thomas Noel traded with Surinam and Barbados. (some question if this was his brother)He also owned land in Wexford, Ireland. Martin Noel appears to have been married to a Miss Thurloe as Thurloe was his brother-in-law. Martin Noell was probably the most conspicuous London merchant of his time. Based on Committees he was part of he was probably in the top 4 most powerful merchants who supported the king.Of his early life nothing seems to be known. He first appears as a merchant in 1650 trading with Nevis and Montserrat, and in the next few years he extended his operations to New England, Virginia, the other West India islands, and the Mediterranean. His ships trafficked in a great variety of commodities — iron, hemp, pitch, tar, flax, potashes, cables, fish, cocoa, tobacco, etc., and he became a power in London, his place of business in Old Jewry being the resort of merchants, ship captains, and persons desiring to cooperate in his ventures. He was an alderman as early as 1651, was placed a little later on the commission for securing the peace of the city, and held other offices by appointment of the city or of the Common- wealth. He was also a member of the East India Company and influential in its councils. In addition to his mercantile interests he became a farmer (took revenue receipts), first of the inland and foreign post-office, — one writer speaking of him as "the postmaster," — and later, on a large scale, of customs and excise. At one time or another he held the farm of the customs in general and of the excise of salt, linen, silk mercery, and wines in particular. In these capacities he acted as a banker of the government, paying salaries and expenses of official appointees, advancing loans, and issuing bills of exchange and letters of credit. His vessels carried letters of marque during the Dutch war and the war with Spain, and he himself traded in prizes and became one of the commissioners of prize goods. The Jamaican expeditions of 1654 and afterward gave him an opportunity to become a contractor and he organized a committee in London for the purpose of financiering the expedition, himself advancing 16,000 pounds , and in company with Capts. Alderne, Watts, and others contracted for the supplies of the ships and soldiers, furnishing utensils, clothing, bedding, and provisions for this and other expeditions, notably that to Flinders. He was Gen. Venables' personal agent in London and agent for the army in general in Jamaica. He also became a contractor for transporting vagrants, prisoners, and others to various American plantations. These accumulating ventures increased his interest in the colonies, and after the capture of Jamaica in 1655 he obtained a grant of 20,000 acres in that island, from which he created several plantations. In his new capacity as planter he was constantly engaged in shipping servants, supplies, and horses. The firm of Martin Noell & Company became exceedingly prosperous, and Noell himself one of the mainstays of the government. He became a member of the Trade Committee in 1655, of the committee for Jamaica in 1656, and was frequently called in by the Council of State to offer advice or to give information. He was on terms of intimacy with Cromwell, and because of the Protector's friendship for him and confidence in his judgment, his recommendations for office, both in England and the colonies had great weight. Povey speaks of the "extraordinary favor allowed him (Noell) by his Highness." He had a brother, Thomas Noell, who was prominent in Barbados and Surinam and in charge of his interests there. He was also represented in other islands by agents and factors, of whom Edward Bradbourne was the most conspicuous, while Major Richard Povey in Jamaica, and William Povey in Barbados, brothers of Thomas Povey, had for a time charge of his plantations in those islands. Noell indirectly played no small part in politics, particularly of Barbados, where Governor Searle held office largely through his influence. Besides his Jamaica holdings he had estates at Wexford in Ireland, and in April, 1658, wrote to Henry Cromwell that he had " transplanted much of his interest and affairs and relations " to that country, seeming to indicate thereby that his colonial ventures were not prospering satisfactorily. Noell was a politic man, shrewd and diplomatic, asserting his loyalty to the house of Cromwell, yet becoming a trusty subject of King Charles, from whom he afterward received knighthood.^ Noell was honored ; he became a member of the Royal Company of Merchants, the Royal African Company, the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in New England, and was finally knighted in 1663 and died in 1665.^ As we shall see, both men became very active in the affairs of the plantations, and it is more than likely that the opinions of the King in Council were not infrequently shaped by their suggestions and advice. Professor Osgood thinks that a part of Noell's fortune was made in the slave trade. Beyond the fact that he was a member of the Royal African Company, I cannot find any evidence whatever to prove this statement. Noell certainly was not a slave trader before 1660. STAFFORDSHIRE MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT. Martin Noel was Assessment Commissioner for London and Staffordshire 1656 ; for Gloucestershire also 1657; elected Alderman of London 3 December 1657 ; discharged 15 December 1657 on a fine of 520. He was knighted at Whitehall, 2 September 1662. Noel was on the Committee of East India Company 1657-9. He died about September 1665 of the plague; his wife died shortly after him. Pepys describes him, September 1662, as "certainly a very useful man." His Will was proved in P.C.C. His eldest son Martin was also knighted in November 1665.* He seems to have begun as a shipowner, contractor and moneylender. Letters of Marque were granted to him in 1651 ; he appears as a shipowner in 1652 and 1653. As a merchant of London he had licence to import tar and hemp, iron, potash and cable in 1653. He contracted to carry the Posts 1653; and advanced 16,000 pounds to the State in 1654.* At his death he held (jointly) the sinecure of Secretary to the Barbados. A writer, about 1720, says of him : " Martin Noel, who was born in this town (Stafford), was bred a scrivener in London, and being a person of Devotion, built a fair hospital in this his Native Place, and bountifully endowed it. This gentleman's charity is the more to be remember 'd because 'tis said his Foundation was the first considerable Fabrick of that nature in this County ; but 'tis hoped his zeal may provoke many, not only here but in other Counties. He was living in 1660, and saw the Fruits of his Goodness with Comfort." A number of Noels in the Royal African Company 1663:
The appearance of Martin Noell:
Martin Noell headed a merchant grouping with fewer connections with
aristocrats, and became influential in West Indies business. He was also a
friend of William Courteen, the financier who had did much from 1625 to
create the original establishment on Barbados. (I assume this is the same
Sir Martin Noel referred to in Pares’ book, Merchants and Planters.)
Noel was a merchant, MP for Bossiney (1658), Trevena and Tintagel;
(a rotten borough) and married a rich widow
Fraser, in her book, Cromwell, p. 534, suggests Noell was knighted
by Charles II, but died bankrupt.
WILL of SIR MARTIN NOEL, Kx., dated 23 September 1665 ; proved in P.C.C. 6 October 1665 by Thomas Noel and George Robinson. He was living in the mansion house of St. Botolph's, Bishopsgate. To his children Nathaniell, Theodorus, Grace and Elizabeth he leaves his half of the plantation of Hornehall in the Barbadoes with the slaves. To his son James he leaves his half of the office of Secretary to the Governor and Council *of Barbadoes with the disposal of the clerkship to the same. To his son Thomas his half of the farm of the Additional duties under the English Land Tax. To his widow Elizabeth he leaves 100 pounds per ann. out of his farm of the duties on timber, glass, stone and stoneware. He mentions his brother Thomas Noel of Surrannam (Surinam), and the reversions bought from the Hon. Edward Noell, son and heir to Lord Cambden. To his son and heir Martin all his lands in Staffordshire, in Tipperary and elsewhere in Ireland, the Barony of Gary in Ireland, and his half of the farm (receipts) of the Irish -Customs and Excise. Residue to wife, to the 5 younger children, & to brothers Matthew Noel and Thomas Noel, sisters Jane Blake and Atherton, Martha wife of his son Thomas, cousin Mary Harries, widow, sister Anne Egginton, friends Sir George Smith and Capt. Buckner Exors. : Sons Martin and Thomas, and Mr. George Robinson. Overseers : Brother Mr. George Blake and Mr. Maswin.(120 Hyde.) 4 Shaw, Knights. 6 Cal. Pap. Dom. The Noel Brothers in the Caribbean: Noel Brothers Barbados Martin Noell Caribbean Noel Martin & Bros
East India co Matthew Nowell and Martin Noel pgs. 36,41,42,340,373
East India Co – Matthew Nowell and James Noell a Factor of the Madras Agency died October 30, 1662.
Martin Noel’s holdings in Ireland
1656 – 1661 Royalists Exiles to Barbados.
20 December 1661 – John COLE of Stepney, Middlesex, mariner, age 39, and late
Commander of the “John” of London, deposed in the Mayor’s Court of London at the
request of Colonel MARSELLIS rivers and others, that in March 1656/6 Captain Henry
HATSILL, merchant, transported prisoners to Barbados for his account and that of
Captain thomas ALDERNE and Mr. Martin NOEL. Enclosed with the deposition is a
copy of the original bill of lading listing the prisoners [named below] to which is
appended the following note:
Signed by Capt. Thomas ALDERNE, M[ast]r. Marten NOELL & Capt. Henry HATSELL
on board the good shipp called the “John” of London, John COLE Commander, & now
rideing at Anchor in the Sound of Plymouth bound to the Island of Barbados, to say
eighty one servants above mentioned which are to be delivered at the afore said porte of
Barbados, the danger of the seas & Mortality Excepted, unto the said John COLE, the
fraight for the said servants being already paid by us, & so God send the ships to har
disired porte. Dated at Plymouth 17th March 1655.
per me John COLE
Author’s note: “A marginal note states that 80 men and one youth are to be disposed
of in Barbados at the best rate in exchange for commodities. Captain John COLE is to
have factorage at the rate of six percent.”
Christened as a son of Edward and Grace of Stafford
Thomas Norvell/Noell, large sugar plantation owner and slave owner
in Barbados (where he was Secretary),
brother of Sir Martin Noel) married Thomasine Hillard in the mid 1600
1674 Circa: Names of interest on roads out from Barbados Bridgetown by Carlisle Bay,
Newell and Guy,(a business?)
Christened on 27 Dec 1612 a son of Edward and Grace of Stafford.
Mathew was called a Factor in his PCC will.
Matthew Nowell married Maria Leadbeater on 9 October 1642
DUBLIN (COI) , Parish/Church/Congregation – ST. JOHN
COURT MINUTES, ETC., OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY 1650
An account is presented of the estate of the late Matthew Nowell,
a factor deceased at Bantam, showing that there is due to him 1,085 pounds .
whereof 350 pounds has been paid to his mother as executrix ; the Court,
conceiving that Nowell must have been a great private trader to
have amassed so large an estate in so short a time, and many-
calicoes having been found in his possession at his death, resolves to
impose a fine, and orders 400/. to be paid to his mother, in addition
to what she has already received, in full of all demands. This she
willingly consents to.
Participated in the Barbados land purchases with his brothers and later was a factor in India until his death in 1662.
It seems he was in Barbados with Thomas but died young: